New VBUS-Powered Controller for 5V USB-C Charging Applications
The STMicroelectronics STUSB4500L is a stand-alone USB-Controller for Bluetooth Speakers, Wi-Fi, LED Lighting and USB Dongles
The STUSB4500L from STMicroelectronics is a small-footprint addition to the Company’s USB-C controller IC family
designed and certified for pure 5V sink-only applications. All mandatory features to use the USB-C connector as a 5V universal power plug are integrated,
allowing designers to implement USB-C charging solutions quickly and easily without studying the standard or writing code.
USB-C is rapidly becoming established as a replacement for Micro-B or Mini-B plugs, for both power and data connections, as it offers the advantages of reversible orientation and greater robustness — up to 10,000 connect/disconnect cycles.
ST’s new USB-C controller IC is a stand-alone, plug-and-play interface product, targeting low-voltage applications such as Bluetooth speakers, computer accessories, Wi-Fi access points, point-of-sale equipment, LED lighting, and USB dongles. It can also be used for powering equipment such as single-board computers and hardware development kits. The controller IC runs without additional code and requires no external support from the microcontroller, which eases adoption of the USB-C connector standard by saving time-consuming design work.
The STUSB4500L is auto-powered via VBUS from the connected source and does not need to be supplied from a local battery or on-board power. Zero leakage current prevents draining the battery when not charging. Input over-voltage protection prevents low-voltage equipment being damaged if it is incorrectly connected, for example, to a 20V source from a USB PD AC adapter rather than the required 5V supply.
Further features include ‘dead-battery’ support to ensure correct identification by the source when the battery is fully discharged, true cold-socket implementation which keeps the VBUS switch open by default until safe 5V input power is supplied, source power-budget identification and error-recovery support to ensure correct re-starting when a fault is triggered.
Features of the STUSB4500L include
- Auto-run Type-C™ sink controller
- Dead battery mode support
- Integrated VBUS switch gate drivers (PMOS)
- Integrated VBUS voltage monitoring
- Short-to-VBUS protections on CC pins
- High voltage capability on VBUS pins
- VBUS powered:
- Zero consumption on local battery or application
- VDD = [4.1 V; 22 V]
- Temperature range: -40 °C up to 105 °C
- ESD: 3 kV HBM - 1.5 kV CDM
- USB Type-C™ rev 1.4
- Power sinking device (TID #1455)
More information on the STUSB4500L Standalone USB Type-C port controller is available on the ST website
STUSB4500L product page.
The STMicroelectronics website address is www.st.com.
[Reprinted with kind permission from STMicroelectronics - Release Date, 19th March, 2020]